What causes Acne?
When we hit puberty there is an increase of androgens (sex hormones). The excess of hormones cause oil glands to become over active and produce too much sebum. This over production of sebum causes the pores or hair follicles to become blocked with skin cells and an over growth of bacteria. When bacteria grows in blocked pores a pustule can appear with the pimple becoming inflamed and red. Painful, inflamed cysts can also develop deep beneath the skins surface.
Besides hormonal changes, external factors can trigger off acne
- Using incorrect skin care/cosmetics
- Greasy hair products
- Heavy sweating during exercise or weather
How to treat teen acne:
With years of treating acne I have found less is best. Too many products can dry skin out, making it worse and irritating skin.
Look for products that contain salicylic acid which unclog pores. DO NOT SQUEEZE OR PICK! This can make acne worse by spreading the bacteria and can lead to infections and scarring.
Talk to a beauty therapist to discuss proper daily skincare regime and invest in a series of Peels and professional treatments. If cystic then a visit to a dermatologist will be required as medication might be needed.
Acne and Diet:
Certain food spike our blood sugars causing the body to release insulin. Excess insulin can cause oil glands to produce more oil, increasing risk of a breakout.
Foods which trigger increase insulin…
- White bread and rice
Other studies have found foods high in dairy, trans and saturated fats stimulate the production of hormones that can cause excess oil to be produced by the sebaceous glands which can also cause acne. Good food which contain antioxidants and zinc are beneficial for healthy skin.
Foods such as…
- Whole grains
- Unprocessed foods
- Whole wheat bread
- Fatty fish
- Brown rice